What is Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)?

What is Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)?

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is a term which was recently revised to include Asperger’s Syndrome. Other ASD terms include autistic disorder, pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS).

How many people are diagnosed with ASD?

Currently, ASD is diagnosed in one out of every 68 children in the United States. There has been a dramatic increase in cases of autism over the past ten years. Early diagnosis is crucial. Early detection and treatment can greatly improve the lives of those with ASD.

What are the early signs of Autism?

Early signs of autism may include:

  • Reduced eye gaze during infancy
  • Poor eye contact
  • Delay or lack of verbal communication
  • Loss of language skills between 1-3 years of age
  • Few gestures and reduced non-verbal communication

What are later signs of Autism?

Individuals with autism have difficulty with both nonverbal and verbal communication.

Signs may include:

  • Behavior issues
  • Difficulty starting a conversation
  • Inability to take turns or understand social skills
  • Restricted patterns of behavior including strong preferences for certain topics such as trains, animals or movies scenes

Individuals with autism may have difficulty:

  • Understanding varied points of view
  • They may insist that there is only one correct answer
  • Generalizing new information or new rules
  • Problem solving and understanding that there may be more than one solution to a problem
  • Understanding metaphors, sarcasm and jokes

Recent research has noted that the ability to communicate is rooted in the inability to think oneself through stressful situations. Children may not recognize the need to ask an adult in their environment for help solving a situation because they believe that their response is correct. Individuals with autism need to develop inner speech and executive function skills to improve academic, social and employment opportunities.

How does Granite Bay Speech help individuals with autism?

We offer individualized programs which include the entire family. We help to reduce the stress of miscommunication through therapy. Individual and group sessions are recommended to generalize skills to carryover skills to home, school and work environments. Programs may include social skills classes, computer and video enhanced teaching as well as counseling for behavior concerns. We work with you to resolve communication challenges in all environments.